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The current definition of dyslexia in literature: Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin. It is characterized by the difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading, comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.

Overview of Dyslexia
"We Ought to be Outraged" by Louisa Moats
Signs and Symptoms of Dyslexia

Although the basis of dyslexia is difficulty reading, the symptoms of dyslexia exist on a continuum. Some people will be affected more severely than others. Below is a chart of the signs and symptoms of dyslexia, but most dyslexics will not have all the symptoms listed here.

Does My Child Have Dyslexia?

Understood is an excellent resource for children with learning and attention issues. If you are concerned that your child might have difficulty with attention, reading, math or writing, follow this link for screening tools to help identify the problem.


Learning Ally also has excellent information on the signs of dyslexia, including a warning sign tip-sheet and videos.

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